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November 2017

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buffy

brutti_ma_buoni in photo_scavenger

History

*gallops in, breathing heavily* History, you say? I have missed many weeks, but NOT this one.

How's about this?

IMG_3870



So this is the Arenes at Nimes in the Languedoc, one of the biggest Roman amphitheatres that still survives. (Okay, it's smaller than the Colosseum, but, eh, most things are). You may not think you know what amphitheatres look like, but you do - they're oval, with range upon range of arches leading in.

IMG_3859

These arches were entrances on the ground floor and then ventilation higher up. The crowd control for getting thousands of people in was quite sophisticated and there was lots of roomy corridor space too, it's not just an outer shell. This is a fancy amphitheatre, so there's decoration like pilasters between the arches. Very smart. But why's there a blocked arch? Why is there a mean little window in it?

That's because the Arenes had an afterlife. Roman amphitheatres pretty much stopped being used for the games 4th-5th cent CE, but they were still big impressive buildings near the centre of cities, where those cities survived the fall of Rome. Often they were used as stone quarries for people living nearby - all those lovely dressed stone blocks, so handy. But in Nimes, the population took the opposite view: they moved *in* to the Arenes, because it was defensible and handy. Townspeople, and the lay power for the area, represented by a garrison - who became known as the Knights of the Arena. If that's not a name for history, I don't know what is.

A bit draughty with all those arches, of course, so over time, they were blocked up. And medieval people still needed a bit of light, so that's a medieval twin-arched window inset. It wasn't just medieval people. The Arenes was inhabited right up to the 18th century - it was a town, really, with two churches, and people owning an arch or two for themselves, and buildings all over what had been the central arena space. There are quite modern-looking surviving plans of property ownership, Old Madame So-and-so in the upper tiers. But eventually, antiquaries and people who love *older* history got hold of it, and the Arenes was cleared of all those modern encroachments, so that it looked classical and right for tourists and the glory of Nimes. (12th century modern, that kind of deal.) So now it looks roughly as it would have in 400CE

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Just two arches were left blocked as a reminder of the 1300 years between the Roman amphitheatre and the tourist relic. I know this because I listened to the whole very long and informative audioguide for touring the Arenes, and then walked round the entire building to find this vestige. I like my history thorough!

Comments

Great choice! I've seen this as well, but just in passing during a seminary visit, so didn't have time to visit in detail. But long enough to be truly impressed.
It's a truly fascinating place to visit - this was my second chance, with more time, and I'm glad I was able to go back.
It's beautiful and what a fascinating history.
It's so many histories, for something that has remained pretty much intact for 2000 years. Glad you enjoyed!
I enjoyed learning that history very much! :)
Thanks! Glad you enjoyed it.
Your main photograph is very striking and the additional written history made it come alive! (I like my history thorough, too ;-)
I love a building that has layers, or histories, or many lives over time. This is a cracker, glad you enjoyed it!
There is something very satisfying about that story; it would fit well into a place like the discworld.
The Knights of the Arena, specially. Oh, and clearing out to show the old structure would be perfect. "Ankh Morpork is mostly built on... Ankh Morpork."
That is an awesome choice. And thank you for the information, as everyone has said, it is fascinating!